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Hydrogen & Fuel Cell

Applications of Hydrogen


Hydrogen and Fuel cell technology are emerging area that holds key to replacement of hydrocarbons. Hydrogen is a clean fuel and an energy carrier that can be used for a broad range of applications as a possible substitute to liquid hydrocarbons. Hydrogen is the primary fuel for fuel cells. It produces electricity, water and heat through efficiency, modularity, compactness and noise free operations. Because of its modular nature, fuel cells are ideally suited for decentralized power generation and for reaction between hydrogen and oxygen/air. The fuel cell technology offers high conversion automotive application.

Hydrogen can contribute to the goal of finding a viable alternate energy resource for the transportation sector. It can also be used in fuel cells to generate electricity for stationary, portable and transport applications. Although the commercial viability is yet to be fully established, but in years to come this source may play a major upcoming role in the economy because of its high efficiency.


India is a member partner of International Partnership of Hydrogen Economy (IPHE). India has also prepared the Hydrogen Energy Roadmap (NHERM, 2006) under the chairmanship of Mr. Ratan Tata and Govt. of India has already approved this roadmap. National Hydrogen Energy Road Map has projected that one million hydrogen fuelled vehicles would on the Indian roads and 1000 MW aggregate hydrogen based power generating capacity be set up in the country, both by 2020. The central mission of the Hydrogen Program is to research, develop, and validate hydrogen production, delivery, storage, and fuel cell technologies. It is essential that from the early stages of development, the public is kept aware about the benefits of the technology. Further, it will be essential to develop institutional arrangements to impart education, training, maintaining database, coordination, and information dissemination and also to conduct and promote research on different aspects of technology. Target audiences include educators at the elementary, secondary, and university levels; code and zoning officials; professional and trade organizations; real estate developers and building owners and operators; public and private fleet operators; and the general public.


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